Tiptap is a friendly wrapper around ProseMirror. Although Tiptap tries to hide most of the complexity of ProseMirror, it’s built on top of its APIs and we recommend you to read through the ProseMirror Guide for advanced usage.


ProseMirror works with a strict Schema, which defines the allowed structure of a document. A document is a tree of headings, paragraphs and others elements, so called nodes. Marks can be attached to a node, e. g. to emphasize part of it. Commands change that document programmatically.


The document is stored in a state. All changes are applied as transactions to the state. The state has details about the current content, cursor position and selection. You can hook into a few different events, for example to alter transactions before they get applied.


Extensions add nodes, marks and/or functionalities to the editor. A lot of those extensions bound their commands to common keyboard shortcuts.


ProseMirror has its own vocabulary and you’ll stumble upon all those words now and then. Here is a short overview of the most common words we use in the documentation.

Word Description
Schema Configures the structure your content can have.
Document The actual content in your editor.
State Everything to describe the current content and selection of your editor.
Transaction A change to the state (updated selection, content, …)
Extension Registers new functionality.
Node A type of content, for example a heading or a paragraph.
Mark Can be applied to nodes, for example for inline formatting.
Command Execute an action inside the editor, that somehow changes the state.
Decoration Styling on top of the document, for example to highlight mistakes.