Editor

Introduction

This class is a central building block of Tiptap. It does most of the heavy lifting of creating a working ProseMirror editor such as creating the EditorView, setting the initial EditorState and so on.

Methods

The editor instance will provide a bunch of public methods. Methods are regular functions and can return anything. They’ll help you to work with the editor.

Don’t confuse methods with commands. Commands are used to change the state of editor (content, selection, and so on) and only return true or false.

can()

Check if a command or a command chain can be executed – without actually executing it. Can be very helpful to enable/disable or show/hide buttons.

// Returns `true` if the undo command can be executed
editor.can().undo()

chain()

Create a command chain to call multiple commands at once.

// Execute two commands at once
editor.chain().toggleBold().focus().run()

destroy()

Stops the editor instance and unbinds all events.

// Hasta la vista, baby!
editor.destroy()

getHTML()

Returns the current editor document as HTML

editor.getHTML()

getJSON()

Returns the current editor document as JSON.

editor.getJSON()

getText()

Returns the current editor document as plain text.

Parameter Type Description
options { blockSeparator?: string, textSerializers?: Record<string, TextSerializer>} Options for the serialization.
// Give me plain text!
editor.getText()
// Add two line breaks between nodes
editor.getText({ blockSeparator: "\n\n" })

getAttributes()

Get attributes of the currently selected node or mark.

Parameter Type Description
typeOrName string | NodeType | MarkType Name of the node or mark
editor.getAttributes('link').href

isActive()

Returns if the currently selected node or mark is active.

Parameter Type Description
name string | null Name of the node or mark
attributes Record<string, any> Attributes of the node or mark
// Check if it’s a heading
editor.isActive('heading')
// Check if it’s a heading with a specific attribute value
editor.isActive('heading', { level: 2 })
// Check if it has a specific attribute value, doesn’t care what node/mark it is
editor.isActive({ textAlign: 'justify' })

getCharacterCount()

Get the number of characters for the current document.

editor.getCharacterCount()

registerPlugin()

Register a ProseMirror plugin.

Parameter Type Description
plugin Plugin A ProseMirror plugin
handlePlugins? (newPlugin: Plugin, plugins: Plugin[]) => Plugin[] Control how to merge the plugin into the existing plugins

setOptions()

Update editor options.

Parameter Type Description
options Partial<EditorOptions> A list of options
// Add a class to an existing editor instance
editor.setOptions({
  editorProps: {
    attributes: {
      class: 'my-custom-class',
    },
  },
})

unregisterPlugin()

Unregister a ProseMirror plugin.

Parameter Type Description
nameOrPluginKey string | PluginKey The plugins name

Getters

isEditable

Returns whether the editor is editable or read-only.

editor.isEditable

isEmpty

Check if there is content.

editor.isEmpty

Settings

element

The element specifies the HTML element the editor will be binded too. The following code will integrate Tiptap with an element with the .element class:

import { Editor } from '@tiptap/core'
import StarterKit from '@tiptap/starter-kit'

new Editor({
  element: document.querySelector('.element'),
  extensions: [
    StarterKit,
  ],
})

You can even initiate your editor before mounting it to an element. This is useful when your DOM is not yet available. Just leave out the element, we’ll create one for you. Append it to your container at a later date like that:

yourContainerElement.append(editor.options.element)

extensions

It’s required to pass a list of extensions to the extensions property, even if you only want to allow paragraphs.

import { Editor } from '@tiptap/core'
import StarterKit from '@tiptap/starter-kit'
import Document from '@tiptap/extension-document'
import Paragraph from '@tiptap/extension-paragraph'
import Text from '@tiptap/extension-text'
import Highlight from '@tiptap/extension-highlight'

new Editor({
  // Use the default extensions
  extensions: [
    StarterKit,
  ],

  // … or use specific extensions
  extensions: [
    Document,
    Paragraph,
    Text,
  ],

  // … or both
  extensions: [
    StarterKit,
    Highlight,
  ],
})

content

With the content property you can provide the initial content for the editor. This can be HTML or JSON.

import { Editor } from '@tiptap/core'
import StarterKit from '@tiptap/starter-kit'

new Editor({
  content: `<p>Example Text</p>`,
  extensions: [
    StarterKit,
  ],
})

editable

The editable property determines if users can write into the editor.

import { Editor } from '@tiptap/core'
import StarterKit from '@tiptap/starter-kit'

new Editor({
  content: `<p>Example Text</p>`,
  extensions: [
    StarterKit,
  ],
  editable: false,
})

autofocus

With autofocus you can force the cursor to jump in the editor on initialization.

Value Description
'start' Sets the focus to the beginning of the document.
'end' Sets the focus to the end of the document.
Number Sets the focus to a specific position in the document.
true Enables autofocus.
false Disables autofocus.
null Disables autofocus.
import { Editor } from '@tiptap/core'
import StarterKit from '@tiptap/starter-kit'

new Editor({
  extensions: [
    StarterKit,
  ],
  autofocus: false,
})

enableInputRules

By default, Tiptap enables all input rules. With enableInputRules you can disable that.

import { Editor } from '@tiptap/core'
import StarterKit from '@tiptap/starter-kit'

new Editor({
  content: `<p>Example Text</p>`,
  extensions: [
    StarterKit,
  ],
  enableInputRules: false,
})

enablePasteRules

By default, Tiptap enables all paste rules. With enablePasteRules you can disable that.

import { Editor } from '@tiptap/core'
import StarterKit from '@tiptap/starter-kit'

new Editor({
  content: `<p>Example Text</p>`,
  extensions: [
    StarterKit,
  ],
  enablePasteRules: false,
})

injectCSS

By default, Tiptap injects a little bit of CSS. With injectCSS you can disable that.

import { Editor } from '@tiptap/core'
import StarterKit from '@tiptap/starter-kit'

new Editor({
  extensions: [
    StarterKit,
  ],
  injectCSS: false,
})

editorProps

For advanced use cases, you can pass editorProps which will be handled by ProseMirror. You can use it to override various editor events or change editor DOM element attributes, for example to add some Tailwind classes. Here is an example:

new Editor({
  // Learn more: https://prosemirror.net/docs/ref/#view.EditorProps
  editorProps: {
    attributes: {
      class: 'prose prose-sm sm:prose lg:prose-lg xl:prose-2xl mx-auto focus:outline-none',
    },
    transformPastedText(text) {
      return text.toUpperCase()
    }
  }
})

You can use that to hook into event handlers and pass - for example - a custom paste handler, too.

parseOptions

Passed content is parsed by ProseMirror. To hook into the parsing, you can pass parseOptions which are then handled by ProseMirror.

new Editor({
  // Learn more: https://prosemirror.net/docs/ref/#model.ParseOptions
  parseOptions: {
    preserveWhitespace: 'full',
  },
})