Extensions

Introduction

Extensions add new capabilities to Tiptap and you’ll read the word extension here very often. Actually, there are literal Extensions. Those can’t add to the schema, but can add functionality or change the behaviour of the editor.

There are also some extensions with more capabilities. We call them nodes and marks which can render content in the editor.

List of provided extensions

Title StarterKit (view) Source Code
CharacterCount GitHub
Collaboration GitHub
CollaborationCursor GitHub
Color GitHub
Dropcursor Included GitHub
Focus GitHub
FontFamily GitHub
Gapcursor Included GitHub
History Included GitHub
Placeholder GitHub
TextAlign GitHub
UniqueID Requires a Tiptap Pro subscription
Typography GitHub

You don’t have to use it, but we prepared a @tiptap/starter-kit which includes the most common extensions. Read more about StarterKit.

How extensions work

Although Tiptap tries to hide most of the complexity of ProseMirror, it’s built on top of its APIs and we recommend you to read through the ProseMirror Guide for advanced usage. You’ll have a better understanding of how everything works under the hood and get more familiar with many terms and jargon used by Tiptap.

Existing nodes, marks and extensions can give you a good impression on how to approach your own extensions. To make it easier to switch between the documentation and the source code, we linked to the file on GitHub from every single extension documentation page.

We recommend to start with customizing existing extensions first, and create your own extensions with the gained knowledge later. That’s why all the below examples extend existing extensions, but all examples will work on newly created extensions aswell.

Create a new extension

You’re free to create your own extensions for Tiptap. Here is the boilerplate code that’s need to create and register your own extension:

import { Extension } from '@tiptap/core'

const CustomExtension = Extension.create({
  // Your code here
})

const editor = new Editor({
  extensions: [
    // Register your custom extension with the editor.
    CustomExtension,
    // … and don’t forget all other extensions.
    Document,
    Paragraph,
    Text,
    // …
  ],
})

Learn more about custom extensions in our guide.