Store your data in whatever data store you already have with the generic database extension. It takes a Promise to fetch data and another Promise to store the data, that’s all. Hocuspocus will handle the rest.


Install the database extension like this:

npm install @hocuspocus/extension-database



Expects an async function (or Promise) which returns a Y.js compatible Uint8Array (or null). Make sure to return the same Uint8Array that was saved in store(), and do not create a new Ydoc, as doing so would lead to a new history (and duplicated content).

If you want to initially create a Ydoc based off raw text/json, you can do so here using a transformer of your choice (e.g. TiptapTransformer.toYdoc, or ProsemirrorTransformer.toYdoc)


Expects an async function (or Promise) which persists the Y.js binary data somewhere.


The following example uses SQLite to store and retrieve data. You can replace that part with whatever data store you have. As long as you return a Promise you can store data with PostgreSQL, MySQL, MongoDB, S3 … If you actually want to use SQLite, you can have a look at the SQLite extension.

import { Server } from '@hocuspocus/server'
import { Database } from '@hocuspocus/extension-database'
import sqlite3 from 'sqlite3'

const server = Server.configure({
  extensions: [
    new Database({
      // Return a Promise to retrieve data …
      fetch: async ({ documentName }) => {
        return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
            SELECT data FROM "documents" WHERE name = $name ORDER BY rowid DESC
          `, {
            $name: documentName,
          }, (error, row) => {
            if (error) {

      // … and a Promise to store data:
      store: async ({ documentName, state }) => {
          INSERT INTO "documents" ("name", "data") VALUES ($name, $data)
            ON CONFLICT(name) DO UPDATE SET data = $data
        `, {
          $name: documentName,
          $data: state,